Malignant melanoma is an aggressive variety of skin cancer that develops in melanin-producing cells of the skin called melanocytes. Melanin is the pigment that renders colour to the skin. Melanomas can develop anywhere in the body, especially in areas such as the back, legs, arms, and face that are exposed to the sun. They can also occur in less sun-exposed areas like feet, palms of hands, and fingernail beds, which are more common in people with darker skin. Melanoma rarely develops in the eyes, nose, or throat.
The exact cause of melanomas is not known. However, increased exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun or tanning lamps increases the risk of developing melanoma. Taking measures to prevent exposure to UV rays can decrease your risk of developing melanomas. Also, the risk of developing melanomas is higher in females below 40 years of age.
Being acquainted with the warning signs and symptoms of skin cancer can help ensure that it is detected early and treated at a time when it is still in its early stages and not spread to a point where it is untreatable. Early signs and symptoms of melanoma include:
Normal moles are uniform in colour, such as tan, brown or black. They have a well-defined border separating the mole from the surrounding skin. They are oval or spherical and generally smaller than 1/4 inch or 6 millimetres in diameter. Most moles appear in childhood, and new moles may develop until 40. Most people may have 10 to 40 moles by the time they are adults. The nature of moles may change over time; some may even disappear.
Cancerous moles differ greatly in appearance. Some may exhibit all of the features mentioned above, while others may have only one or two features
If you see some unusual changes in your skin, as discussed above, you can visit Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai and take an appointment with an expert doctor.
Normally, the skin cells develop in a controlled and organised way. The new healthy skin cells push older cells towards the skin's surface, where they are shed. But when mutations occur in the DNA of some cells, new cells grow in an uncontrolled and disorganised way, giving rise to the formation of a tumour. Certain environmental and genetic factors are responsible for this DNA mutation, with UV rays exposure being the leading cause.
Apart from exposure to UV rays, as discussed above, other risk factors increase the chances of developing melanoma.
There are certain ways you can minimize your risks of developing skin cancer.
If you are looking for the best Malignant Melanoma treatment hospital in Navi Mumbai, your search is over. Our oncology team comprising the best Medical Oncologists in Navi Mumbai formulates a comprehensive treatment plan for each patient after discussing the pros and cons of every procedure with you and your family. The treatment of melanoma depends on the size of the cancer, its stage and the extent of spread. The patient's personal preferences and overall health are also considered when deciding the next treatment options for a particular case of melanoma.
Small, early-stage melanomas are removed by surgery. During the surgery, entire cancer and a margin of healthy tissue are removed. A very thin melanoma can be completely resected during a biopsy, and no further treatment is required.
Surgery to resect the lymph nodes involved: If melanoma has involved the nearby lymph nodes, those need to be removed surgically. Additional treatment modalities may be used before and after the surgery.