Bladder cancer is a common type of malignancy that originates from the cells of the urinary bladder. The urinary bladder is a round muscular organ present in the lower part of the abdomen responsible for storing urine. Bladder cancer commonly originates from the cells that line the inside of the bladder, called the urothelial cells. Urothelial cells are also seen in the kidneys and the ureters, so urothelial cancer can occur in those locations, too, but it is much more common in the bladder.
Most bladder cancers are detected at an early stage when it is possible to treat cancer successfully. But cancer tends to recur after treatment. For this reason, follow-up tests are required for years after treatment of bladder cancer to look for signs of recurrence.
If you experience symptoms, like red discoloration of the urine or intense pain during urination persistently, you must visit Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai and get an appointment with an expert doctor.
Bladder cancer develops when the bladder cells undergo changes or mutations in their DNA. A cell's DNA directs it to function properly. When the DNA is mutated, the cells begin to multiply uncontrollably and accumulate, giving rise to the formation of a tumour. These abnormal cells can sometimes metastasize to distant organs or body parts.
There are different types of bladder cancers depending upon the type of bladder cells that become cancerous. They include:
Some other tests like computerised tomography (CT) urogram or retrograde pyelogram may be performed to examine the internal structures of your urinary tract and look for any abnormalities.
After establishing the diagnosis of bladder cancer, additional tests may be recommended to determine the extent of metastasis of cancer to the nearby lymph nodes or other body parts. These tests include CT scan, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Positron emission tomography (PET), Bone scan, and Chest X-ray. Doctors use the information derived from these procedures to stage cancer. The stages of bladder cancer are denoted by Roman numerals ranging from 0 to IV. Stage 0 indicates an early, less aggressive cancer confined to the inner layers of the bladder, while stage IV indicates that the cancer is advanced and may have spread to other body parts.
With an oncology team comprising the best doctors for Urinary Bladder Cancer in Navi Mumbai and state-of-the art infrastructure, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital provides the best Bladder Cancer treatment in Navi Mumbai. The treatment plan for urinary bladder cancer depends on many factors, including the type, grade, stage, location and extent of spread of cancer. The patient's overall health and personal choices are also taken into account while deciding the treatment options. The treatment options for bladder cancer include:
Bladder cancers have a tendency to come back even after complete treatment. Because of this, patients with bladder cancer need post-treatment follow-ups for years. The tests one needs to get done depend on certain factors, including the type of bladder cancer and how it was treated.
In general, a test to examine the inside of the urethra and bladder called a cystoscopy is recommended to be done every four to six months for the first few years after treatment. After a few years of surveillance and careful follow-up, a cystoscopy exam may be needed only once a year. Other tests may be recommended at regular intervals. People who have had aggressive tumours need more frequent testing.