Skin cancer is cancer that develops due to the abnormal growth of skin cells, most often due to the effect of sun exposure on the skin. There are three main types of skin cancers - basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. Rarer types of skin cancer include Kaposi's sarcoma and Merkel cell carcinoma. Checking the skin for any suspicious changes and reporting them to a doctor as soon as possible can help detect skin cancer at its earlier stages when the chances of successful treatment are the highest.
Skin cancer occurs primarily on sun-exposed areas like skin, the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands. However, it can also develop in places that are not exposed to the sun, like the palms, beneath the fingers, and the genital area, especially in people of colour.
If you observe any abnormal changes to your skin that worry you, you must make an appointment with an expert doctor. The presence of the above symptoms might not necessarily mean that you have cancer; however, your doctor will investigate the skin changes to determine a cause.
Skin cancer develops due to the mutations that occur in the DNA of the skin cells. These DNA mutations cause abnormal proliferation or multiplication of skin cells, giving rise to a tumour or a mass of abnormal cells. The main cause of DNA mutations in the skin cells is exposure to UV radiation from the sunlight. However, this does not explain the development of skin cancer in areas not exposed to sunlight, indicating that there are other factors responsible for causing skin cancers, including exposure to toxic substances or having a disease that debilitates the immune system.
After establishing a diagnosis of skin cancer, it is very important to stage it. Superficial skin cancers rarely metastasize, so a biopsy that removes the entire growth is the only test needed to determine the cancer stage. However, for large squamous cell carcinomas, Merkel cell carcinomas, or melanomas, further tests may be recommended to determine the extent of cancer.
The stages of skin cancer are indicated by using Roman numerals I to IV. Stage I indicates that the cancer is small, less aggressive, and confined to the area where it started, while stage IV indicates advanced cancer that has metastasized to other body areas. Staging cancer is very important in determining which treatment options will be most effective.
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai is the Best Skin Cancer treatment hospital in Navi Mumbai. Our team consists of the best doctors for Skin Cancer in Navi Mumbai who provide ideal treatment plans combining their medical skills and experience with the state-of-the-art equipment and advanced technology of the machines the hospital houses. The treatment options for skin cancer depend on the size, type, depth and location of cancer. Small, less aggressive skin cancers confined to the skin's surface may not require treatment except for an initial skin biopsy aimed at removing the entire growth. Treatment options for more skin cancer include: