Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai is a stroke-ready hospital that has a team of neurosurgeons to perform procedures ranging from mechanical thrombectomy to decompressive craniectomy for patients with endovascular coiling, ischaemic stroke, and aneurysmal haemorrhage.
A stroke is a condition characterised by rupture and bleeding of a blood vessel in the brain or when the blood supply to the brain is blocked, preventing the blood and oxygen from reaching the brain tissues. Due to inadequate oxygenation, brain tissues get damaged and die within minutes.
The tissues in the brain get damaged due to the loss of blood flow to the brain. The sooner the patient is treated, the better is the outcome. The symptoms of stroke include paralysis, weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg, difficulty in speaking leading to slurred speech, disorientation, confusion, lack of responsiveness, blurred vision, difficulty in walking, loss of coordination, dizziness, seizures, a severe headache of unknown cause, and nausea or vomiting.
Stroke cases require immediate medical care and attention. Prompt treatment prevents complications such as potential brain damage, long-term disability, or even death.
The cause of stroke depends on its type. Different causes are responsible for the transient ischemic attack (TIA), ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke. These types of strokes are further classified into subtypes such as thrombotic stroke, embolic stroke, intracerebral stroke, and subarachnoid stroke.
Several investigations, including blood tests, cholesterol levels, platelet counts, MRI and CT scans, are carried out to establish a diagnosis of stroke. Sometimes, other tests like an electrocardiogram (EKG), cerebral angiogram, carotid ultrasound, and an echocardiogram may also be done to support the diagnosis.
Proper medical evaluation and immediate treatment are important to recover from a stroke. Just like the cause, the treatment of stroke depends on its type. For TIA and ischaemic stroke, clot-breaking medications and mechanical thrombectomy are the mainstays of treatment. Stent placement or surgery may be required in some cases. Medications to decrease the blood pressure and prevent seizures are given for hemorrhagic stroke. Some procedures like coiling, clamping, and surgery may also be needed.
If you suspect someone around you is experiencing a stroke, it is important that you seek emergency medical attention without wasting time. Early medical care is one of the most effective ways to decrease the risk of long-term complications of a stroke.
It might not be possible to completely prevent stroke at all times; however, certain lifestyle changes can decrease its risk. If your doctor feels that you might be at risk of developing a stroke, he will provide you with a prevention strategy consisting of medical intervention and lifestyle changes.
The Department of Neurosciences at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai houses some of the Best Stroke Treatment Doctors in Mumbai. The department deals with all pathological conditions of the central and peripheral nervous system and provides international standard treatment and care for neurological and neurosurgical cases. Resources, expertise, and capabilities from different specialists are brought under one roof to cater to the medical needs of a vast number of patients with multidisciplinary diseases.