Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting the central nervous system and the body parts controlled by nerves.
The signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease are known to differ for different patients. Early symptoms are mild and are often not noticed. Symptoms usually start to appear on one side of the body, and even when they affect both sides, the side where the symptoms started first is more severely affected.
The signs and symptoms of Parkison's disease include tremors, bradykinesia or slow movements, muscle stiffness, impaired balance and posture, loss of automatic movements, speech changes, and changes in handwriting.
Certain neurons gradually degenerate or die in Parkinson's disease. Many symptoms occur due to the loss of neurons that produce dopamine, a chemical messenger in the brain. Due to a decrease in dopamine levels, impaired movement and other symptoms of Parkinson's disease occur.
The exact cause of this disease is unknown; however, certain factors, including genetic, environmental triggers, and the presence of Lewy bodies, are found to be responsible for Parkinson's disease.
If you experience any of the related symptoms like slow movements, tremors, and muscle stiffness, you must get an appointment with a neurologist not only to get your condition diagnosed but also to rule out other causes responsible for your symptoms.
Parkinsonism is diagnosed by a neurologist based on the medical history, clinical and neurological examination, and signs and symptoms. A specific single-photon emission computerised tomography (SPECT) called DAT or dopamine transporter scan might be suggested to support the diagnosis. But, Parkison's disease is mainly diagnosed on the basis of history and clinical signs and symptoms. Other laboratory tests like blood tests and imaging tests like MRI, PET scans, and brain ultrasound may also be carried out to rule out other conditions that might be leading to the symptoms.
Diagnosis of Parkinson's disease may take a while, so regular follow-up appointments with a neurologist trained in movement disorders may be needed so that he can evaluate your conditions and symptoms over time.
There is no definitive treatment for Parkinson's disease, but several medications are prescribed to keep the symptoms under control. Surgical procedures like deep brain stimulation and MRI-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) may be helpful in controlling the symptoms.
If you are looking for Best Parkinson's Disease Treatment in Navi Mumbai, you can visit the Department of Neurosciences at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai and get an appointment with an expert neurologist. The Department of Neurosciences at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai is equipped with modern medical machines and technology, including a 3T MRI machine, 264 slice CT scan & portable EEG machines with video EEG facility. We have a fully equipped Cath Lab for Neuro Interventions. Additionally, the department houses a multidisciplinary team comprising highly qualified and experienced neurological professionals and allied staff who deliver treatment in line with international protocols and standards.