Coronary angiography is a procedure that employs X-ray imaging to view the blood vessels of the heart. The test is generally performed to determine any obstruction or restriction in the blood flow to the heart. During coronary angiography, a dye that can be detected by the X-ray machine is injected into the heart's blood vessels. The X-ray machine collects a series of images of the heart and also offers a look at the blood vessels. If needed, a procedure called angioplasty that involves the opening of clogged arteries of the heart may be performed in the same sitting.
Coronary angiograms are part of a general procedure carried out to evaluate the functioning of the heart called cardiac catheterization. Cardiac catheterization can both diagnose and treat cardiac and vascular diseases.
You might be recommended to undergo a coronary angiography procedure if you have:
Just like any other procedure involving the heart and blood vessels, coronary angiography has some risks, mainly due to the radiation exposure from the X-rays used. Other risks and potential complications include:
A few days prior to when the procedure is scheduled, the healthcare team will give you specific instructions and prescribe any medications you need to take before the procedure. Here are the general guidelines are given before a coronary angiography procedure:
Before starting the angiography procedure, the healthcare team will carefully review your medical history and check all the medications you usually take. Then a physical examination will be done to check your vital signs like pulse and blood pressure. You will be asked about your medical history, including if you have a past history of any kind of allergies. You will be asked to evacuate your bladder and change into a hospital gown. Any contact lenses, jewellery, and hairpins, if on, need to be removed.
After the procedure is over, the catheter is removed, and the incision is closed with manual pressure or a clamp. Then, you will be shifted to the recovery room and kept under close observation. After your condition is stable, you will be shifted to your own room, where you will be monitored regularly. An overnight stay at the hospital is needed for monitoring or you might be allowed to go home the same day. It would help if you consumed plenty of fluids to flush out the dye from your system when you are allowed to. Ask your healthcare team about any special diet you need to follow for a while and when to resume medications and normal activities. Please avoid physical activity for a few days after the procedure. The incision site might remain tender for a few days with a slightly visible bruising and a small bump.
See your doctor immediately if:
The angiography report helps the doctor determine what is with your blood vessels. It can:
This information helps your doctor to determine the best treatment plan suited to your condition and assess how much danger your heart condition poses to your overall health. Based on the results of the report, your doctor may decide if you would benefit from additional procedures, like having coronary angioplasty or stenting to help open up clogged arteries.
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital is the best coronary angiography hospital in Navi Mumbai. When it comes to cardiac care, experience matters. Our hospital combines the expertise of the best Cardiac Specialists in Navi Mumbai with world-class facilities and infrastructure to provide advanced cardiac care for all ages, aligned with the national and international healthcare standards. We are committed to delivering quality comprehensive medical care and excellent patient service.