Aortic stenosis is a medical condition where the heart's aortic valve narrows. The valve does not open up fully, due to which the blood flow from the heart to the aorta decreases or stops. Aorta is the largest artery in the body that supplies blood to the whole body.
Some patients with aortic stenosis are asymptomatic for years. The signs and symptoms given below are generally evident when the narrowing of the aortic valve is severe:
If you have been experiencing any or a combination of the symptoms mentioned above, you must visit a hospital and get an appointment with a cardiologist. Treating medical conditions, especially cardiac problems, at the right time gives better outcomes.
The human heart has four valves whose function is to maintain blood flow in the right direction and prevent its flow in the opposite direction. These four valves include the bicuspid valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps or cusps that open and close when the heart beats. Sometimes for pathological reasons, the valves fail to open and close properly, leading to reducing or blocking the blood flow.
In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve that lies between the left ventricle and the aorta does not open completely. The part through which the blood moves from the heart toward the aorta is narrowed or stenosed. Once this happens, the heart is required to beat harder in order to pump enough blood into the aorta, which can then be supplied to the rest of the body. The left ventricle does most of the work of the heart, so this, in case it works even harder, causing its wall to thicken and enlarge. This overburdening of work weakens the heart muscles resulting in heart failure and other serious problems.
To diagnose aortic stenosis, the doctor will review your medical history, evaluate your signs and symptoms, and conduct a complete physical examination, including looking for murmurs by placing a stethoscope on your heart. Clinical examination is not enough to establish a diagnosis of aortic stenosis. Certain laboratory tests need to be done.
Treatment for aortic valve stenosis depends on your symptoms and the severity of the condition, as revealed by the laboratory tests.
If your symptoms are mild or you are completely asymptomatic, only monitoring is recommended with regular checkups. Some healthy lifestyle changes and medications may be recommended by your doctor to relieve symptoms or reduce the chances of complications.
In severe cases of aortic stenosis, surgery may be needed to repair or replace the damaged aortic valve. It is usually performed by making an incision in the chest. However, less invasive approaches may be performed if you are medically fit to undergo those. The surgical options for aortic valve stenosis include aortic valve repair or replacement, balloon valvuloplasty, and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). TAVR is a less invasive procedure and is done in patients who have an intermediate or high chance of developing complications from surgical aortic valve replacement.
If you are searching for the best hospital for the treatment of Aortic Stenosis in Navi Mumbai, your search is over. At Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai, we focus on treating the diseases of the heart with utmost care and expertise. Represented by the best cardiologists in the country, our Cardiac Sciences Department boasts a significant success rate in treating cardiac diseases by using invasive and minimally invasive techniques. Equipped with state-of-the-art medical technology, highly qualified and experienced staff, and the best Aortic Valve Stenosis treatment doctors in Mumbai, we have achieved an overwhelming triumph in this field in the recent past. We consider it a priority to treat all our patients with utmost dignity and compassion, giving them the care and respect they deserve.