Congenital heart disease, also known as congenital heart defect is one or more defects in the heart's structure that is present since birth. Congenital heart diseases can alter the flow of blood to the heart and are of many types. Some types may be mild, while others are more severe and sometimes lead to life-threatening complications. Advances in diagnosis and treatment have helped improve survival for patients with congenital heart disease.
Congenital heart diseases are asymptomatic in some people and are not noticed until adulthood. Symptoms may sometimes be seen years after treatment of a congenital heart defect. Some of the common symptoms of congenital heart disease in adults include:
If you are experiencing one or more of the symptoms mentioned above, such as chest pain or shortness of breath that worry you, call Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai to seek emergency medical attention.
The exact cause of congenital heart disease remains known. Some forms of the disease are inherited or passed down through families. If you have congenital heart disease, understanding how the heart typically works will help you.
The human heart is divided into chambers - two upper chambers called atria and two lower ones called ventricles. The right portion of the heart sends blood to the lungs through special blood vessels named pulmonary arteries. In the lungs, the blood takes up oxygen and then moves to the left portion of the heart via the pulmonary veins.The left portion of the heart then pumps the blood and sends it through the aorta to the rest of the body.
Congenital heart disease can affect any heart structure, including the arteries, valves, chambers and septum. The septum in the heart is the partition or a wall of tissue that separates the different chambers.
Certain environmental and genetic risk factors may contribute to the development of congenital heart disease, including:
Congenital heart disease can lead to other health conditions later in life. Complications may even be seen years after a congenital heart defect is adequately treated. These complications include:
Some types of congenital heart diseases are inherited or run in families. If someone in your family has congenital heart defects, undergoing screening procedures may help find out the chances of certain heart defects in future children.
For diagnosing congenital heart disease in adults, a complete physical examination is conducted, and the heart sounds are auscultated with a stethoscope, following which family and medical history are asked from the patient. Certain tests are run to check the health of the heart and search for other conditions that may lead to similar signs and symptoms. Investigations that help diagnose or confirm congenital heart disease in adults and children include:
The treatment of congenital heart diseases is usually done successfully in childhood. However, some types may not be serious enough to be treated during childhood, but they may lead to problems in adulthood.
The treatment of congenital heart disease in adulthood depends on how severe the heart condition is. Occasional health checkups are recommended for relatively minor congenital heart defects to ensure the condition doesn't worsen. Other treatment options for congenital heart disease in adults include medications and surgery.
Mild congenital heart defects can be treated with medicines that help the heart perform better. Medications may also be given to prevent the formation of blood clots or to control an irregular heartbeat.
Several surgeries and procedures are performed to treat adults having congenital heart disease.
Adults with congenital heart disease would be at risk of developing certain complications, even if they underwent surgery to get the defect repaired during childhood. Lifelong follow-up care is needed, which includes regular health checkups and occasional blood tests and imaging exams to look for complications. People with congenital heart disease also require lifelong medical care. Treatment includes regular checkups, medications or surgery.
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital is the best Congenital Heart Disease hospital in Navi Mumbai. When it comes to cardiac care, experience matters. Our hospital combines the expertise of The best doctors for Congenital Heart Disease in Navi Mumbai with world-class facilities and infrastructure to provide advanced cardiac care for all ages, aligned with the national and international healthcare standards. We are committed to delivering quality comprehensive medical care and excellent patient service.