Fetus and Mother

Fetus and Mother

Pregnancy and childbirth are crucial events in the life of a woman. Our highly qualified gynaecologists and obstetricians are supported by world-class amenities that assist them in providing exceptional pregnancy care and pre- and post-delivery support for expectant mothers. Our services include antenatal immunization, antenatal care, antenatal exercise, managing high-risk pregnancies, childbirth support and lactation advice, and high-end PICU and NICU facilities.

Getting good care and medical attention before, after, and during your pregnancy is vital to the health and well-being of the fetus. It will help you stay fit before and after delivery as well as ensure the proper growth and development of your baby. Getting pregnancy care is the best way to ensure that your unborn baby gets a head start on a healthy and fulfilled life.

Adequate prenatal care includes optimum nutrition and healthy habits prior to pregnancy and during it. It is ideal to discuss this with your healthcare provider before starting to try to conceive. Below are some things to consider:

  • Choose a healthcare provider
    It is best to choose healthcare to provide after conducting research on who will take care of your pregnancy and childbirth. This healthcare provider will be responsible for providing you with prenatal, perinatal, and post-natal services.
  • Take folic acid supplements
    Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy decreases the chances of congenital birth defects in the baby. Do not forget to ask for advice on the same from your healthcare provider.
  • Discuss with your doctor any medicines you are currently taking
    You should only take the medicines that your doctor advises you on taking or continuing if you are planning to conceive. Share your drug history with your doctor, including if you are taking any over-the-counter medications. This will help him in making the best decisions for you.
  • Do not take alcohol or any recreational drugs. Cut down on caffeine.
  • If you are a smoker, quit smoking.
  • Attend regular prenatal visits to your healthcare provider to ensure the well-being of your little one. Your healthcare provider will suggest regular screening and investigations, monitor your pregnancy and identify any congenital anomalies. The types of exams and the number of visits you require depend on whether you are in the first, second, or the third trimester of your pregnancy.
  • Generally, these tests include glucose tests to look for gestational diabetes, serial ultrasounds to find out how the fetus is growing and establish an expected date of delivery, fetal echocardiography to monitor the heart of the fetus, and blood tests to look for the normal fetal DNA in your blood, amniocentesis to look for genetic defects and birth anomalies, a test of nuchal translucency to look for any problems with the baby's genes, tests to determine any sexually transmitted diseases, blood type testing like ABO and Rh, anaemia blood tests, and blood tests to continue the follow-up of any chronic illness or disorder you had before pregnancy.
  • You may choose to screen for genetic defects depending on your family history. Before undergoing genetic testing, there are a number of things to consider. Ask your healthcare provider if screening is the right option for you. You may need to see your gynaecologistmore often and get additional screenings and tests done if you have a high-risk pregnancy.

Morning sickness, leg pain, backaches, sleeping problems, hair and skin changes, and vaginal bleeding are some common symptoms that women notice in the early months of their pregnancy. Discuss with your health care provider and seek care to manage these common pregnancy complaints.

While the symptoms mentioned above are experienced by most pregnant females, you must acknowledge the fact that no two pregnancies are exactly similar, and some females experience fewer or milder symptoms during their pregnancy. In fact, many females continue full-time jobs during their pregnancy and travel alone. Some other females may require bed rest for a few weeks during the course of their pregnancy to continue a healthy pregnancy.

Because pregnancy is quite a complex process, complications may occur during its course. If you have a complicated pregnancy, you need not worry, as having a complicated pregnancy does not necessarily mean that you will not deliver a healthy baby. What you require to do is appoint a healthcare provider who will closely monitor you at all phases of your pregnancy and pay special attention to you and your baby at all times.

Common complications related to pregnancy include diabetes in pregnancy, hypertension in pregnancy, premature cervical changes, placental anomalies, premature labour, vaginal bleeding, impaired growth and development in the baby, and medical problems in the fetus. Although it might be scary to think of the potential consequences of these complications, it is important for you to acknowledge that most of these complications can be kept under control and managed effectively by your healthcare provider. With proper and adequate care, you can still enjoy a normal, uneventful pregnancy.

Discuss with your doctor in advance what to expect during labour and after delivery. This way, you can create an effective birth plan you are comfortable with. You may ask questions like how they are planning to manage your labour pain, what type of anaesthesia will be used, and what would happen if your normal delivery needs to be converted into an emergency C-section. All these are important questions, the answers to which you must know before your delivery. It is a good idea to know what to expect well ahead of time and make a mental list of the things you will need to carry to the hospital when the time approaches.

You will experience certain changes as your due date gets closer. Telling if you are in labour may not always be so straightforward. Your healthcare provider will inform you about when it is the best time to get admitted to the hospital to deliver the baby. Also, ask your healthcare provider about what happens if you cross your due date. Depending on your risk factors and overall medical history, your healthcare provider might induce labour at around 39 to 49 weeks.

Even though having a baby is an exciting and wonderful event for the patients, it is also a lot of hard work and apprehension for the mother. The pregnant female must take extremely good care of herself in the first few weeks following delivery. The type of care you need depends upon your risk factors and how you plan to deliver the baby.

For a vaginal delivery, you might need to spend a few days in the hospital before you are discharged. In case of a C-section, the hospital stay may be for 2-3 days. You will be counselled about how to take care of yourself at home after getting discharged. Breastfeeding is highly advocated by experts. It has immense benefits both for the mother and the baby. Exclusively breastfeeding your baby for the first six months of his life will enhance his physical well-being in the long run.

You must book an appointment with a healthcare provider if you are pregnant or suspect being pregnant with the following conditions:

  • You are a diagnosed case with thyroid disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, or seizures and take medications for the same
  • You are not receiving prenatal care
  • You are not being able to manage the normal pregnancy symptoms with medications alone
  • You suspect of being exposed to a sexually transmitted infection, radiation, harmful chemicals, or toxic pollutants

Also, you must call your healthcare provider immediately if your pregnancy is associated with vaginal bleeding, fever with chills, painful micturition, severe pain in the belly, severe or physical emotional abuse, or feeling your water break before the due date. You must also visit your doctor urgently if you are in the last trimester of your pregnancy but do not feel your fetal movements.

The Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai offers world-class treatment for a diverse range of gynaecological and obstetrical conditions at par with the international protocols and quality standards. Most of the gynaecological surgeries in the department are performed using modern minimally invasive approaches. These procedures are supported by state-of-the-art endoscopic equipment and are performed by highly qualified and experienced gynaecological surgeons. The department provides comprehensive diagnostic and curative services for a wide range of disorders related to the female urinary tract and pelvic floor problems.