Our Urologists are renowned for the diagnosis and treatment of various urological conditions in males and females that include:
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. Changes in male sex hormones that occur with age, a family history of prostate difficulties, and any abnormalities with the testicles are all key contributors in the development of this condition. This is a regular occurrence in older men, and many men between the ages of 60 and 80 have symptoms such as incomplete bladder emptying, nocturia, urine urgency, painful urination and a weak urinary stream.
This cancer develops when the cells in the urinary bladder become abnormal and grow out of control. Though it starts in the bladder, it can spread to adjacent lymph nodes and other regions of the body, including the lungs, liver, and bones, over time. Bladder cancer is indicated by a range of symptoms such as blood in the urine, painful urination, pelvic pain, weight loss, bone tenderness, exhaustion, frequent and urgent urination, and urinary incontinence.
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that arises when certain cells in the prostate gland become abnormal and uncontrollable. The abnormal cells can grow into a tumour and spread to other parts of the body through blood arteries or lymph nodes over time. In the early stages of prostate cancer, there are no indications or symptoms. However, it causes symptoms such as frequent urination, difficulty urinating, painful ejaculation, loss of appetite and weight, bone pain, erectile dysfunction, and blood in the sperm when it reaches an advanced stage.
Kidney cancer is a condition where the cells in the kidney turn malignant. Over a period of time, it can metastasize and penetrate to the nearby and distant organs. Early symptoms are rare with kidney cancer. Symptoms such as blood in the urine, a mass in the belly, loss of appetite, weight loss for no apparent reason, and anaemia develop once cancer has progressed to an advanced stage. Smoking and obesity are known to increase the risk of kidney cancer.
Kidney stones are crystalline, hard substances that form within the kidney. These stones don't necessarily stay in the kidney; they can sometimes migrate down the ureter, reach the bladder, and be passed out in urine. Larger kidney stones can obstruct urine flow and cause a lot of pain and irritation. Dehydration, obesity, poor urine volume, family history, and certain drugs are all key risk factors for kidney stones.
Involuntary urine leakage owing to a loss of bladder control is known as urinary incontinence. Stress, ageing, pelvic floor muscle damage, prostate or bladder cancer, hysterectomy and other surgical procedures, pregnancy and childbirth, and obesity can all cause it. Urinary incontinence becomes increasingly common as people get older, and it affects more women than men. When the severity and frequency of the condition worsens, it interferes with a person's routine and lowers their quality of life.
A urinary tract infection, sometimes known as a UTI, is an illness caused by bacteria in any component of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. Strong and frequent urges to urinate, strong-smelling urine, burning feeling when urinating, cloudy or bloody urine, muscle aches, and abdominal pains are all signs of a urinary tract infection. Though UTI is more common in women, it can affect men and women of all ages.
The subspecialty of urologic oncology helps prevent, diagnose and treat cancers of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Cancers of the bladder, prostate, kidney, and testicles fall under this category. Our multidisciplinary team of urologists, oncologists, pathologists, radiologists, and surgeons provide comprehensive treatment plans that help manage and treat cancer under all areas of Uro-oncology.