Acne is a common skin condition occurring when the hair follicles become blocked with dead skin cells and oil. Apart from pimples, they may be associated with blackheads and whiteheads. Acne most commonly occurs in teenagers, although it can occur in people of all ages. Effective treatments are available for acne, so if you are experiencing it, you must consult an expert dermatologist and seek medical care and attention. The bumps and pimples sometimes heal spontaneously, but when one starts to disappear, others seem to crop up.
Acne can persist for decades for many women with a flare at the time of menstruation. This type of acne clears spontaneously without treatment in most women. In older adults, acne might indicate a more serious underlying medical condition requiring immediate medical care and attention.
The signs and symptoms of acne vary to a great extent depending on the severity of the condition. It can present as blackheads, whiteheads, small tender red bumps, or pimples which are papules filled with pus. Sometimes acne can present with nodules which are solid, painful lumps beneath the skin or cystic lesions, which are painful pus-filled lumps under the skin. It usually appears on the forehead, chest, rest of the face, shoulders, and upper back.
If your acne does not heal by self-care remedies, you must see a dermatologist who can treat it by prescribing medications after conducting a thorough analysis of your medical history and physical examination. If you are located around Navi Mumbai, you can visit the Department of Dermatology at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai and seek expert medical care and attention.
Trying to fix acne at home with non-prescription acne cleansers, lotions, and other harsh skincare products can be detrimental to your skin and cause severe adverse reactions. Therefore, you should refrain from using such products and only use the products that have been prescribed by an expert dermatologist. You must also seek immediate medical care if you experience difficulty breathing, faintness, tightness in the throat, and swelling of the face, eyes, tongue or lips after using a skincare product.
If you are prone to breakouts and acne, don’t worry. You are not alone. Lakhs and lakhs of Indians are facing this skin condition. We acknowledge that severe acne can be terribly embarrassing and frustrating and bring down your self-esteem. That is why our dermatologists strive to treat this problem with the best outcomes. Whether you are a teen or an adult, we are here to provide treatment for your condition and provide answers to all your questions.
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition causing dry, itchy skin accompanied by inflammation. It is commonly seen in young children but can occur at any age. It is a long-lasting condition and can sometimes flare up. Even though it can sometimes be irritating, it is not contagious.
Those with atopic dermatitis have increased susceptibility to developing food allergies, asthma, and hay fever. The itching and new breakouts can be relieved by moisturising the skin regularly and following other healthy skincare habits. But if the condition is severe, treatment in the form of prescription creams or ointments is required.
Eczema can occur on any body part and varies greatly from one person to another. Symptoms may include itching or pruritus, dry, cracked skin, small raised bumps on the skin, rash or swollen skin varying in colour depending on the person’s skin colour, crusting and oozing, darkening of the skin surrounding the eyes, thickened skin, and raw or sensitive skin from scratching. Atopic dermatitis often starts before five years of age and may continue into the adolescent and adult years. It flares and then clears up for a time for some people, even for several years.
You must see a dermatologist if you or your child has had symptoms suggesting atomic dermatitis (as mentioned above), are so uncomfortable that the condition is affecting your activities of daily life or sleep patterns, has signs of skin infections like pus or yellow scabs, and have symptoms even after following self-care steps.
Psoriasis is a relatively common skin condition characterised by scaly, itchy patches on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk. It is a long-term condition that has no definitive cure but can be successfully controlled with proper treatment. Psoriasis can be painful and interfere with concentration and sleep. The condition occurs in cycles, flaring for a few weeks or months and then subsiding for a while.
Psoriasis is of many types, such as plaque psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, scalp psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, nail psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, and erythrodermic psoriasis. People with a genetic predisposition to psoriasis have some common triggers including cuts or burns, infections, and some medications. Symptoms can be successfully kept in control by proper treatment and lifestyle habits. The coping strategies that the dermatologist suggests help people with psoriasis live better, more fulfilled lives.
Below are the common signs and symptoms of psoriasis:
As mentioned earlier, psoriasis is of several types. Every type is characterised by different signs and symptoms:
If you suspect that you might be suffering from psoriasis, you must see a doctor. You must also seek medical intervention if your symptoms become severe, cause you pain or discomfort, make you feel anxious about the appearance of your skin, or don’t improve with treatment.
Leprosy is an infectious skin condition that results in severe, disfiguring skin sores and is characterised by nerve damage in the legs, arms, and skin areas surrounding the body. The disease has been around since ancient times, and outbreaks have affected every country, including India.
However, the disease is not so contagious that you can easily catch it. You can acquire it only if you come into very close, repeated contact with the mouth or nose droplets of a person with untreated leprosy. Children are more susceptible to acquiring it compared to adults.
Leprosy mainly affects the skin and nerves surrounding the brain and the spinal cord. These nerves are called peripheral nerves. It might also sometimes affect the eyes and the fine tissue that lines the inside of the nose.
Disfiguring skin sores, bumps, or lumps that do not go away even after weeks or months are the main symptoms of leprosy. The colour of this skin sores is usually pale.
Infection of the skin occurs when it gets invaded by bacteria or other microorganisms. A common type of skin infection is cellulitis which leads to swelling, redness, and pain in the affected area of the skin. Another common type of skin infection is a skin abscess which is characterised by a collection of pus beneath the skin.
Different types of bacteria normally dwell on our skin. But if a cut or a breach in the continuity of the skin occurs, these bacteria get entry to the inside of the skin and cause abscesses, cellulitis, or other types of skin infections.
The presence of some factors can greatly increase your chances of getting cellulitis. Those include injury to the skin, chronic swelling of the arms or the legs, skin conditions such as eczema or athlete’s foot, diabetes, and obesity.
The symptoms of cellulitis appear either suddenly or gradually. They may include skin redness, pain, warmth, or tenderness when the involved skin is touched, and swelling on the affected skin area. A skin abscess is characterised by similar symptoms, but here, there is the formation of pus beneath the skin, which can drain out sometimes.
If you suspect that you have a skin infection and are located around Navi, Mumbai, you can visit the Department of Dermatology at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai and get an appointment with an expert who will guide you towards the next step. Although most cases of cellulitis resolve quite quickly with treatment, some can invade the lymph nodes and the blood, which can be life-threatening. So, if you are experiencing any signs or symptoms of skin infections, you must not ignore them. It is best to consult a dermatologist and get yourself tested.
The dermatologist will first ask you some questions about your symptoms and other associated health conditions, followed by conducting a complete physical examination. After the diagnosis is established, he will prescribe some antibiotics or other medications depending on the diagnosis. If you are diagnosed with a skin abscess, the doctor may drain out the pus from it. After that, you might be prescribed a course of antibiotics. If your infection is severe and needs continuous monitoring, you might be asked to get admitted to the hospital, where you can receive optimum medical care and attention.
The dermatologists at The Department of Dermatology at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai, are highly qualified and experienced in diagnosing and treating skin, nail, and hair diseases. Apart from that, they can manage cosmetic problems such as scars and hair loss. They promptly recognise the symptoms that may appear on your skin and indicate diseases inside your body. They are experts in performing specialised diagnostic procedures related to skin conditions, including the application of medicines or injections, ultraviolet light therapy, mole removal, skin biopsies, and cosmetic procedures such as sclerotherapy, chemical peels, and laser treatments.